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Road Safety

Recognizing the socio-economic consequences of the road traffic accidents, the Government through multiple stakeholders is taking various measures to improve the road safety.

Road accidents cause heavy loss to the nation in terms of human capital and loss in GDP. The alarming number of people killed in road accidents makes road safety a serious issue and all efforts are being taken to improve the various aspects of road safety to reduce the occurrence of accidents.

According to a study by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, road traffic accidents cost India nearly 3% of its gross domestic product a year, or, in absolute terms, about USD 58,000 million. Nearly Rs.22,200 crore is lost annually in Tamil Nadu in terms of cost to the victims and families like medical cost, loss of work, productivity, income besides physiological and psychological suffering, cost in terms of damage to the property.

In the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of United Nations it has been committed to halve the number of deaths from road crashes by 2020. There is an urgent need to scale up evidence-based interventions and investment. The onus of creating safer cities and transport systems is felt by all stake holders.

Increased vehicular population, advent in automobile technology is demanding safer roads. Proper intervention and a comprehensive approach in the field of Roads, Education, Health care, Traffic regulation and Law Enforcement would reduce accidents and the Highways Department is striving towards delivering an efficient and safe traffic system.

With increasing road crashes in the country, the Honorable Supreme Court of India intervened in the issue and constituted a three member Committee on Road Safety (CoRS), to monitor and review the action taken to reduce accidents. Several instructions and guidelines have been issued.

The Highways Department has approved a comprehensive proposal for the improvements of Road safety under the World Bank assisted TNRSP-II. The Road safety component includes strategic planning, revision of Road Safety policy and formulation of long term investment proposal at the state level. It has been envisaged to improve the Road Safety through interventions from all stakeholders such as Transport, Police, Health, Education and Engineering department.

Tamil Nadu Government has established Institutional arrangements like the Road Safety Executive Leadership Group (RSELG) headed by Principal Secretary to Government, Highways and Minor Ports Department, Road Safety Management Cell (RSMC) headed by Transport Commissioner to review various new Road Safety proposals and initiatives, implementing on pilot basis and expanding to the entire state based on the outcome and Road Safety Reference Group (RSRG) headed by Transport Commissioner to review the road safety activities done by various agencies and the NGO’s to share the ideas for improvement of road safety in Tamil Nadu.

The Road Safety Management (RSM) consultant has been engaged under World Bank funded project of TNRSP-II for providing advisory support to Highways, Transport, Health, Police, and Education department towards Road Safety component for Kancheepuram and Tiruvannamalai as demonstration districts. Also, RSM Consultant has to facilitate in conducting Road Safety Audit, iRAP survey, formulate the proposal for road safety demonstration corridor projects, planning to reduce accidents, implementing on pilot basis including Monitoring & Evaluation and to support State level initiatives such as road safety policy, programme & investments planning comprising of all stake holders.

Road safety is an integral part of road design right from planning stage. Safety audit of highways has been taken-up to identify vulnerable spots. High priority has been accorded to rectification of black spots in the highways.

A comprehensive proposal to improve the accident-prone areas in the Government roads, has been prepared at an estimated cost of Rs.1130 crore.

The Government have sanctioned Rs.500crore for road safety works under Road Safety Fund and road safety works also have been taken-up under Comprehensive Road Infrastructure Development Programme (CRIDP) from 2014-15 onwards.

The Highways Department had undertaken various measures to improve the road geometry for improving the road safety and during the period of 2014-15 to 2018-19, a total amount of Rs.1168.16 crore has been allocated for these works under CRIDP. Apart from the above CRIDP funds, works to a tune of Rs.600 crore have also been undertaken through Road Safety funds.Thus, Road safety works to a tune of Rs.1768.16 crore were taken-up under road safety funds and CRIDP from 2014-15 to 2018-19, as detailed below:

Sl. No Year Details of Fund allocation
Amount Rs. in Crores)
CRIDP Road Safety Fund Total
1 2014-15 250.00 200.00 450.00
2 2015-16 206.87 100.00 306.87
3 2016-17 203.07 100.00 303.07
4 2017-18 216.12 100.00 316.12
5 2018-19 292.10 100.00 392.10
Total 1,168.16 600.00 1768.16

Budgetary provision of Rs.100 crores has been allotted for the year 2019-20

The concerted efforts of all the stake-holders and the Department in providing quality road network have yielded better results in reduced fatalities of 24% over the previous years, in the State. A result is to be heralded and carried forward with the equal co-operation and co-ordination of all the lead partners, in the years to come.

BLACK SPOT

Accident black spot is a stretch of about 500m in length, in which either 5 road accidents (each year in the past 3 years involving fatalities & grievous injuries put together) or 10 fatalities have taken place during the past 3 years. High priority has been accorded to rectification of black spots in the highways.

The identification, analysis and treatment of road accident black spots are widely regarded as one of the most effective approaches to mitigate road accidents. It is well established that considerable safety benefits may accrue from the application of appropriate road engineering or traffic management measures at hazardous road locations. Results from such applications at “black spots” demonstrate high returns from relatively low cost measures. Using MoRT&H guidelines Accident black-spots have been identified in the State. As an immediate step to improve those black spots temporary measures, viz. erection of sign / cautionary boards, provision of rumble strips, blinkers etc. have been done. Permanent measures, viz. construction of Flyovers, Underpasses, Service Road, Foot Over Bridges, junction improvements, including lighting facilities, etc., are being taken-up on case to case basis.

Black spots are being identified every year and improvements are being carried out to reduce the fatal accidents. The number of black spots identified and improved from 2013 to 2017 is detailed below:

Sl. No Year Identified Black spots Improved Black spots
1 2013-14 169 169
2 2014-15 85 85
3 2015-16 64 64
4 2016-17 44 28

As part Road Safety Policy of the state, a web based system, Road Accident Data Management System (TNRADMS) has been developed by the Highways Department in consultation with major stake holders namely Police, Transport and Highways department and handed over to the Police Department for recording road accident data and to analyse on various causes of accidents by the stake holders.

Some of the black spots improvements are shown below:

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INTERVENTIONS

Aligning with Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) targets on road safety outlined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020

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SUPREME COURT COMMITTEE ON ROAD SAFTEY 6 PILLARED APPROACH:
  • Institutional Arrangement
  • State Level; District Level; Implementation Level
  • Data Reporting; Investigation and Research; Training Schools
  • Safer Roads and Mobility
  • Road Engineering Design; Removal of Road side frictions;
  • Speed Calming; Road Furniture; Audit; Training
  • Safer Vehicles
  • Safety Provisions; Vehicle Testing
  • Registration; Fitness/ Maintenance
  • Enforcement of Traffic Regulations
  • Seat belt/ Helmets; Child Restraint; Drunken Driving;
  • Mobile use; Over loading; Encroachments, Licensing
  • Safety Education
  • Safety inclusive Curriculum; Promotion; Awareness;
  • Community Participation; Good Samaritan
  • Emergency Care
  • Emergency Care Center; Ambulances and Networking
  • Rescue Time; Uni-helpline
TAMIL NADU’S INITIATIVES
  • Institutional Arrangement
    • Road Safety Policy
      • Funds Allocation
        • Engineering Measures
          • Capacity Enhancement
          INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT
          • State Road Safety Council headed by Transport Minister (in 2005)
            • Road Safety Executive Leadership Group headed by Secretary, Highways (in 2015)
              • Road Safety Management Cell headed by Transport Commissioner
                • District Councils & Implementation Units (in 2000)
                  • Expert committee for Engineering recommendations
                  • ROAD SAFETY POLICY
                    • First State to formulate Road Safety Policy in 2007 with bench-mark & targeted action plan
                      • 4 Es of Road safety are:
                        • Engineering
                          • Enforcement
                            • Education
                              • Emergency Care
                              • FUND ALLOCATION
                                Sl. No Year Details of Fund allocation
                                Amount Rs. in Crores)
                                CRIDP Road Safety Fund Total
                                1 2014-15 250.00 200.00 450.00
                                2 2015-16 206.87 100.00 306.87
                                3 2016-17 203.07 100.00 303.07
                                4 2017-18 216.12 100.00 316.12
                                5 2018-19 292.10 100.00 392.10
                                Total 392.10 600.00 1768.16
                                ENGINEERING MEASURES
                                Mitigation Measures (2014-18)
                                • Widening of narrow bridges - 2062 bridges
                                • Improving the Curves - 168 locations
                                • Metal beam crash barrier installed - 1365 locations
                                • Junction Improvement - 124 Junctions
                                • Protecting tank bunds, road side well - 946 works
                                • Constructing speed breakers - 2081 works
                                • Accident black spot improvement - 334 works
                                CAPACITY ENHANCEMENT
                                Road Safety Audit training program:

                                Out of FIVE PRIORITY areas of Collaborative research with CSIR-CRRI, the first in the list is the Training on Road Safety Audit and related aspects.

                                As decided during the first co-ordination committee meeting held at CSIR-CRRI, New Delhi attended by the Director, HRS, Road Safety Audit training program for Highway Engineers was conducted for 5 days during October 2015 at Highways Research Station, Chennai.

                                Second batch of Road Safety Audit training program for 5 days was conducted by CRRI during March 2017 and about 50 Engineers from cadre DE to AE were benefitted.

                                Lecture session by CRRI Scientist
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                                Practical Audit Session:
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                                Design stage Audit

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                                Field Audit

                                During the year of 2019, Road Safety Audit training for 3 days was conducted in August 2019 for 40 Highway Engineers from cadre Divisional Engineers to Assistant Engineers.

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                                Training on Road Safety Audit was also conducted by the experts of IIT Madras at Highways Research Station in 3 batches (3days each) during September-December 2018 and about 90 Highway Engineers were benefited.

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                                Lecture Session

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                                Field Visit

                                Road Safety Audit Training Programme was conducted at Highways Research Station by the experts from Indian Institute of Technology, Madras during November 20-22, 2019. 43 Engineers in the cadre of Divisional Engineers, Assistant Divisional Engineers and Assistant Engineers of different wings of the department have benefitted.

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                                FIELD VISIT
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                                Road Safety Audit Training through AITD, New Delhi
                                • Level I training - 132 Engineers
                                • Level II training - 59 Engineers
                                • Certified Road Safety Audit Engineers - 65
                                • 231 Engineers trained by CRRI, N.Delhi, IIT-M under MoU with HRS, Chennai
                                • 69 Engineers & Officers trained @ IRTE, Faridabad & Anna Institute of Management.
                                • Knowledge sharing with Vic Roads, Australia under MoU with the State of TN
                                Day Time Safety Audit
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                                Night Time Safety Audit
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                                ROAD SAFETY AUDIT carried out by Highway Engineers

                                The Road Safety Audit was carried out by the trained Engineers of various wings of Highways Department during the months of October’19 and November’19:

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                                WIDENING OF NARROW BRIDGES
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                                IMPROVEMENTS TO SHARP CURVES

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                                JUNCTION IMPROVEMENT

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                                PROTECTIVE WORKS

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                                PROTECTIVE WALLS AGAINST ROAD SIDE WELLS

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                                TRAFFIC CALMING MEASURES

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                                RECTIFICATION OF BLACK SPOT

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                                ROAD SAFETY IN WORLD BANK FUNDED PROJECTS

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                                JUNCTION IMPROVEMENTS

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                                IMPROVING ACCIDENT PRONE JUNCTIONS

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                                SAFETY AT URBAN LOCATIONS
                                WORK ZONE SAFETY
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                                PROJECTS WITH FOCUS ON TRAFFIC FLOW

                                CHENNAI OUTER RING ROAD – DUAL 3 LANE + SERVICE ROADSY

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                                CHENNAI OUTER RING ROAD – DUAL 3 LANE + SERVICE ROADS

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                                ILLUMINATED CHENNAI OUTER RING ROAD

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                                SAFETY APPURTENANCES @ ECR – CHENNAI

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                                SPECIAL INITIATIVES
                                Road Safety Components under World Bank Funded TNRSP-II
                                • Strategic assistance at state level for updation of Road safety Policy & Road Safety Act.
                                • Preparation of Specific Investment Plan for period up to 2025 for Highways, Transport, Police, Health & Education Department.
                                • Demonstration Project at District Level – Kanchipuram & Thiruvannamalai.
                                • Assess the road safety awareness requirement.
                                • Prepare Road Safety Awareness Program (RSAP)
                                • Carry out the pilot study
                                • Carry out Road Safety awareness campaign as per approved RSAP.
                                • Demonstration Corridor for 100 Km Length.
                                • Automatic Speed Enforcement System (ASES) in ECR for a length of 34.4 km
                                • High Resolution RADAR based Cameras to detect hi-speed vehicles
                                POSITIVE IMPACT
                                • Fatalities have reduced by 24% during 2018 ( compared to 2017)
                                • Resolved to reduce & reverse Road Crashes appreciably lower to reach SDG commitment
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Last Updated: 14-08-2020
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