|The National Highways are the arterial roads which criss-cross the States as well as the Nation joining the different State capitals, Major Ports, Industrial Areas and other tourist centres. Hence, these roads always encounter very high traffic density.|
The National Highways roads in Tamil Nadu traverse a total length of 4974 Km out of which 1500 Km are being maintained by the State National Highways wing and the remaining 3474 km by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI).
The National Highways roads are maintained, improved and new construction of roads and bridges are carried out using funds from Ministry of Road Transport and Highways of the Government of India
It functions under the control of a Chief Engineer with four Circles and eight Divisions:
Schemes being implemented:
National Highways Works:Widening, improvements, strengthening and maintenance works are being carried out in the State National Highways roads, using funds from Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India.
In 2012-2013, 29 road improvement works to a total length of 346.12 Km and 7 bridge works were taken up as spillover at a cost of Rs.348.83 Crore. In addition to this, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India has sanctioned 18 road works, for 86.45 Km and one bridge work at a cost of Rs.104.30 Crore under its Annual Plan 2012-2013.
Under this scheme 16 Nos. of road works to a length of 250.12 Km and 2 bridge works at a cost of Rs.213.06 Crore have been completed in 2012-2013
For the financial year 2013-2014, tentative allotment of Rs.180 Crore is expected from the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways under this scheme.
Under Special Repairs and Periodical Renewals, seven road works to a length of 73.15 Km at a cost of Rs.30.34 Crore were taken up as spill over in 2012-2013. Further the Ministry has sanctioned nine road works to a length of 61.40 km at a cost of Rs.31.77 Crore
For the financial year 2013-2014, tentative allotment of Rs.40 Crore is expected from the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways under this scheme
Centrally Sponsored SchemesGovernment of India has created the Central Road Fund with the accruals from 50% cess levied on High Speed Diesel and 100% cess on Petrol for development of National Highways and other State roads. Out of this, 30% of funds will be provided for development and maintenance of State roads under the Revamped Central Road Fund Scheme, the Economic Importance Scheme and the Inter State Connectivity Scheme.
Revamped Central Road Fund Scheme
In 2012-2013, works costing Rs.86.89 Crore were taken up as spill over under this scheme. This consists of 11 road works to a length of 126.73 Km and 2 bridge works. Further, during 2012-2013 the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India, has sanctioned 19 road works to a length of 208.77 Km amounting to Rs.166.22 Crore as new works.
Out of this, 11 road works to a length of 118.83 Km and one bridge work at a cost of Rs.120 Crore have been completed during 2012-2013.
A budget provision of Rs.163 Crore has been made under this scheme for the financial year 2013-2014.
Bharat Nirman Programme – Phase III
In 2012-2013, the Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India has accorded clearance for proposals under Bharat Nirman Phase III, costing Rs.278.94 Crore for the upgradation of 332 road works to a length of 1064.55 Km in 25 Districts. Accordingly, the Government have issued orders vide, G.O.(D).No.116, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj (CGS2) Department, dated 19.03.2013 for its implementation. These works will be taken up and completed during 2013-2014.
Hill Area Development ProgrammeThis scheme is being implemented by the State Government, to improve Hill roads in Nilgiris District with the funds provided by Government of India
Under this scheme, 5 road works to a length of 7.20 Km and 5 Cross Drainage works amounting to Rs.2.70 Crore were taken up as spill over. Further, the Government have sanctioned 4 road works to a length of 4.00 Km and 3 road protective works amounting to Rs.2.26 Crore during 2012-2013
Out of this, 5 road works to a length of 7.20 Km and 5 Cross Drainage (CD) works have been completed at a cost of Rs.2.55 Crore during 2012-2013
A budget provision of Rs.2.30 Crore has been made under this scheme for the financial year 2013-2014
Projects Executed by National Highways Authority of India (NHAI)The National Highways Authority of India was constituted by an Act of Parliament; the National Highways Authority of India Act 1988 for the development, maintenance and management of National Highways entrusted to it and was operationalized in February 1995. The NHAI is implementing the National Highways Development Programme (NHDP) approved by Government of India in seven phases. Apart from this, roads, flyovers, underpasses are being constructed and improved under Port Connectivity Project and Other Special Projects.
National Highways 4, 5, 7, 7A, 45, 45A, 45B, 45C, 46, 47, 47B, 49, 66, 67, 68, 205, 209, 210, 220, 226 & 227 in Tamil Nadu are being improved by Government of India under NHDP through NHAI in association with State Government.
The State Government extends its co-operation and assistance to NHAI in the matters of pre-construction activities such as land acquisition, shifting of utilities etc.,
Projects implemented by NHAIWorks completedby NHAI
2089 km length of roads at a cost of Rs.13,079 Crore have been upgraded to four lane / six lane
Works under Implementation by NHAI
1136 km length of roads at a cost of Rs.9278 Crore is under execution and 1749 km length of roads is to be awarded
Port Connectivity SchemeThe Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved the port connectivity scheme in the year 2000 with the objective of connecting the 12 important ports in India through NHAI by establishing a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV). Two Special Purpose Vehicles (SPV) have been established in Tamil Nadu to improve the roads connecting 3 major ports Chennai, Ennore and Thoothukudi.
Chennai - Ennore - Manali Road Improvement Project (EMRIP)
In order to implement this project, NHAI established a SPV namely Chennai Ennore Port Road Company Ltd with Government of Tamil Nadu, Chennai Port Trust and Ennore Port Ltd as partners.
The State Highways stretches taken up for improvements under this Port Connectivity Scheme are given below:
The estimated cost of the project is Rs.600 Crore. The details of contributions by the share holders of the company are given below:
In order to protect Ennore Expressway from sea erosion, 10 groynes and seawall for a length of 500m along the sea coast, at a cost of Rs.24.58 Crore were constructed.
Agreement for the 4-laning and Improvement of all the above four roads along with the construction of 3 additional Groynes was executed and the work commenced in June 2011. The work is likely to be completed by December 2013.
Thoothukudi Port Connectivity Scheme
Under this scheme, NHAI established a SPV namely, Thoothukudi Port Road Company Ltd with Thoothukudi Port Trust to improve 47.20 km length of road in NH-7A from Tirunelveli to Thoothukudi at a cost of Rs.290 Crore. The work has been completed in January 2013
Bypasses taken up and executed by NHAI99 bypasses have been taken up by NHAI for execution. Out of this, 65 bypasses have been completed. 34 bypasses are in progress.
Land AcquisitionTamil Nadu Government plays a vital role in acquiring land for the completion of projects taken up by National Highways Authority of India. Now out of 4487 Ha. of land required for the ongoing and new projects which are proposed to be taken up, 2060 Ha. land has been acquired and acquisition is in progress for the remaining extent of 2427 Ha. of land